Chinese Industrial Policy in the Geopolitics of the Information Age: The Case of Semiconductors

Esther Majerowicza
Carlos Aguiar de Medeiros

ABSTRACT:

This paper examines the semiconductor’s industry growing importance as a strategic technology in the modern industrial system and in contemporary warfare. It also analyzes this industry’s evolution in China and the Chinese semiconductor industrial policy over the last years. We review the Chinese interpretation of the ‘revolution in military affairs’ and China’s perception of its backwardness as well as the possibilities of catch-up and evolution in the most sophisticated segments of this
productive chain through domestic firms and indigenous innovation.


KEYWORDS: China; industrial policy; semiconductors; strategic trade; technological change.

A indústria dos semicondutores desempenha um papel cada vez mais central tanto para o sistema industrial moderno quanto para os conflitos geopolíticos contemporâneos. Não à toa, a China tem tratado o setor como extremamente estratégico, desenvolvendo políticas industriais de monta sob uma lógica de movimento de alcance tecnológico (“catching up”). Em artigo publicado na Revista de Economia Contemporânea em 2018, a professora da UFRN Esther Majerovicz, que também é integrante do NETS, e o professor da UFRJ Carlos Aguiar de Medeiros examinam a abordagem do governo chinês sobre essa questão.

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